Constructing a scene entails the following; framing, structure, mise en scene, symbolism, time and place.
Framing is what the photographer has chosen to capture and how, such as cropping within the frame whilst taking the picture whilst Mise en scene is controlling exactly how things are placed in the scene, it involves everything in the scene such as the surroundings, weather conditions, how its shot, lighting, actors, props and their relation to eachother which adds to the intended narrative and provokes the audiences thoughts.
Symbolism is used to hint at and extend a certain message or meaning to provoke the thought of the audience, an example of this is Sam Taylor Wood -Still Life which is where the piece intends to look like a painting. Throughout my blog I will be discussing and justifying why I have chosen specific decisions and document the journey which leads to the final result.
The Graduate – 1968
After studying the language of film, I found myself picking apart The Graduate to determine the directors point of view further and why they have chosen these fine details to convey the story, this is a film that is very interesting for its time. The opening scene begins with an extreme close up which then pans out surrounding the main character, Ben with older individuals which could symbolise from the offset how lonely and excluded he feels in his life. It then cuts to a travelator for a duration of time in which no human speaks but an automated voice ordering instructions in the background which Ben then follows whilst others don’t, this emphasises the loneliness even further. (done by a tracking shot and using a dolly). Ben is also dressed in a certain way, considering the time of the film in which it was set (1968), a year after the ‘summer of love’ where hippies wore loose fitting clothes and flowers in their hair whereas Ben is dressed extremely formally in a suit and tie, conforming to society and what his parents would perhaps want. During the next scene it opens with a close up of Ben sat infront of a fish tank with a diver pointing to his head, this could be a sign that he is metaphorically drowning and also shows that his parents have much disposable income. The film then moves on to Ben’s parents showing off about his successes to their friends as he is controlled and forced to perform like a monkey to make his parents happy.
References to different times.
Film and Photography can show time in past, present or future. It can speed up, slow down, reverse and fast forward which is critical to story telling as this can reference the age or era and the order of events for the viewer to provoke further thoughts and build suspense.
Films that reference time include; Pulp Fiction, which references time not in order. Citizen Kane, which flashes back and forward multiple times.
References to time in Photography and Film.
Time can be referenced in film in many ways such as past, present, future in relation to different eras/decades. Time can also be fast forward or rewound to unravel a narrative as it progresses, this makes it much more intriguing for the audience. Many Robert Attman films give reference to time.
‘We are all gonna die’
This piece is the worlds longest panoramic piece by Photographer Simon Hoegsberg. Hoegsberg received a BA in Photography from School of Media in 2002 but today works freelance in Copenhagen. In this piece he has used a fixed camera frame and lens which captures a specific time in history. The image follow many people from different walks of life, it features repetition throughout which symbolises that we are all as one, human aswell as being very individual in our own rights and I enjoy his work for this reason.
Rut Lees Luxemburg.
Rut Lees Luxemburg is a German photographer who chooses to only take photos at night. I find her work intense and intriguing with feelings of actually becoming involved with her work due to the perspective in which she shoots, in 1st person. The narrative to her work unfolds as you concentrate on her work,. Rarely there is any human presence but a trace that there may have been which leaves the audience asking unanswered questions which is a great factor of her work.
Luxemberg uses a fixed lens with long exposures by using a tripod to do this, her work has feelings of unease, loneliness and isolation with a very filmic approach. I feel Luxemburg uses long exposure to convey the passing of time and to add a more eery narrative to her work.