Presentation 3: Visual Narrative

Filmic tropes and language.

  • Extreme Long Shot:
    An extreme long shot is generally used to establish a scene with no specific focus of interest. They lack human/physical presence and are mostly shot on a wide angle lens.
  • VLS – Very Long Shot:
    This type of shot involves showing indistinguishable figures from a very long distance. You can vaguely make the figures out.
  • LS – Long Shot:
    Within a long shot, figures tend to become more recognisable which give more reading and detail in to the narrative. Long shots are generally centralised with a central focus, however rules can change.
  • MLS – Medium Long Shot:
    A medium long shot generally features an individual cut off at mid knee height.
  • MS – Mid Shot:
    Shot from the waist upwards.
  • MCU – Medium close up:
    Shot from the chest upwards.
  • CU – Close up
    Features the whole of the head.
  • BCU – Big close up
    Always features a close up of the head
  • ECU – Extreme close up
    An extreme close up brings a greater sense of suspense.
  • High Camera Angle –
    This technique is used shot from above and is used to make focuses look small, weak unimportant or under threat.
  • Low camera angle –
    This technique is shot from above and used to make focuses look more important and incontrol.
  • Medium Camera Angle –
    Height of the person framed/ the camera moves whenever they move.
  • POV – Point of view –
    1st person perspective – This technique puts the audience in the front seat and makes them feel apart of the scene from the eyes of the camera.
    3rd person – Over the shoulder shots make the audience seem as though they are the invisible person onlooking/a fly on the wall.
  • Dissolve – A technique that transitions between two shots, one shot fades away to the other. This can be used to connect two different time lines, a change in time or location and creates a strong connection between the two.
  • Fade – A technique that transitions from a shot that fades in or out from black.
    From black – brighter = fade in
    Image fades from light to dark = fade out.
    By using this technique the directors aim to make the viewer recognise where they were and where they arrive.
  • Ccuts – Camera cuts change the perspective from which a scene is portrayed.
  • Jump cut – Making an abrupt transition from one scene to another which disrupts the time of flow or movement. They tend to miss a key piece of information and become very noticeable to the viewer. Directors use jump cuts to bring unease and disruption.
  • PAN – Sweeping movement from one place to another, Pans can be expansive.
  • Tilt – Using a camera up or down to create action.
  • Zoom – zoom in/out – best to use sparingly as can disrupt filming experience.
  • Deep focus – a shot that keeps the foreground, middle ground and background all in focus, generally sharp.
  • Arc shot – A shot in which the subject is circled by the camera.
  • Tracking shot – A shot using a dolly that follows a subject from behind or alongside or infront of the subject.
  • Dolly zoom – When the camera tracks forward to a subject whilst zooming in/out creating a nausea effect.
  • Locked down shot – A shot where the camera is fixed in one position.
  • Handheld shot – Camera operator holds the camera during motion to create jerking or movement.
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