Throughout this post the research I am undertaking will generally discuss the brief process and the rising statistics of migration within young people choosing to move away from home for various reasons such as education, work and lifestyle. This research helps my project as it helps me learn why people may want to move from their home country and the impact it has.
Gender, Age and Migration
As there is a whole world population that could be chosen to focus on in regards to looking into migration I am choosing to narrow this down to why young people migrate to the UK and it’s city centers although from personal experience many people are now choosing to up root and travel/migrate away from England as there are now more jobs available in Europe, especially in the creative sector.
Below are some of the findings from the ‘Urban demographics: where people live and work’ report noted on http://www.centreforcities.org:
- The rise in demand for city-centre living has put serious pressure on housing in many places – with the share of households in large city centres classed as overcrowded having increased by 69 per cent between 2001 and 2011. To sustain this growth, cities need to develop more housing in central areas
- Small cities, which have fewer high-skilled jobs than large cities, have seen slower growth in their city centre populations since 2001. Government strategies to develop small city centres have focused on boosting retail on the High Street, but should also concentrate on attracting more high-skilled jobs and more residents
- London has also seen slower growth in its city centre population than many places, with high housing costs pricing out many younger residents and students. Population growth has instead taken place in the capital’s suburbs, which have grown at twice the rate as in other large cities
- People move away from city centres as they get married, start families or get older. In suburbs, residents tend to be either slightly older, or under 19 – suggesting that more families with children live in these areas. In the rural hinterlands, 45-64 year olds make up the largest share of the population, and there are twice as many residents aged over 65 than in city centres.
A link to a useful article which has a great deal of information about gender, age and migration: https://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/123456789/10410/Gender%20Age%20and%20Migration%20Extended%20Briefing.pdf?sequence=1
Here are the key bits of information I found most relevant and interesting to my own project:
Development related activities can also play a part in migration. Faster development in some areas more than others can lead to inequalities and incentives for people to move. (Jolly and Reeves 2005).
Regular migration: People moving who conform to the legal requirements of sending, transit and receiving countries. They may be migrating for the purposes of education, employment or family reunification.